Therapy provided in English by Melissa Pollick, MA Counseling
In Switzerland, counseling is a field which is not yet well known. Counseling has existed in the USA and the U.K. since the 1950’s and is now a widely known, respected practice. However, there is still some confusion between psychiatry, psychology, and counseling.
A psychiatrist in a medical doctor who is specialized in diagnosing and treating mental illness using a combination of therapy and prescribing medication. Often, a psychiatrist will see client issues within a medical/illness framework, but can also work in other ways depending on their specialized training.
A psychologist is someone with either a doctorate or a master’s degree who specializes in diagnosing and treating mental illness within a psychological framework. They can use a variety of techniques and approaches including medical, cognitive, behavioral, and many other methods.
Similar to a psychologist, a counselor has either a doctorate or a master’s degree and is trained to help those with everyday life issues within a psycho-social framework. They do not diagnose, prescribe medication, or see client issues within a medical/illness framework.
Like any good therapy, counseling puts importance on the relationship between the client and the counselor, as well as identifying patterns of behavior, emotions, and thoughts. The counselor listens to what the client identifies as being a problem and the two work together as a team. A variety of approaches can be used including humanistic, cognitive, behavioral, psychodynamic, and many other methods depending on their training background.